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Shyman, E. (2016). The Reinforcement of Ableism: Normality, the Medical Model of Disability, and Humanism in ABA and Autism. Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 54, 366-376

What diversity/subjectivity topics are they discussing?

Prejudice and discrimination against people who are perceived as not “able” or “able-bodied” or who have disabilities. How to recognize these prejudices and identify their irrational features. A humanistic perspective as a counterweight.

Your summary or comments on the article

This article is a great introduction to ableism, as well as a nuanced examination of it. Irrational prejudice against people who have disabilities is taught at all ages and all levels of our society and others. It can be automatic and unconscious, and can be hard for us to spot in ourselves. The hopeful inquiry into integrating behavioral interventions (such as Applied Behavior Analysis) and humanistic perspectives is good food for thought.

Abstract

The field of educating individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder has ever been rife with controversy regarding issues ranging from etiology and causation to effective intervention and education options. One such basis for controversy has been between humanism, and humanistic philosophical concepts, and its fundamental differences with behaviorism, and behavioristic philosophical concepts. These differences have long been debated, and the belief that the two orientations are generally mutually exclusive has been largely maintained. Recently, however, there has been some resurgence of interest in reconciling some of the fundamental humanistic and behavioristic tenets. Most of these discussions, however, center on specific interventional methodologies as its basis without delving more deeply into the underlying philosophical issues. This article will explore some fundamental humanistic concepts that ought to be reconciled in order for behaviorism to be considered a humanistic practice. While the notion that the possibility of reconciliation is maintained, the central argument maintains chat much work needs to be done on the part of behaviorism both philosophically and methodologically in order for such reconciliation to be achieved.

Resource contributed by:

Tom Holman

2018-09-18T19:58:39+00:00August 10th, 2018|

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